2014年05月

You are, I'm afraid to say, mistaken. The position you are taking makes no logical sense. Just listen up and I'll be more than happy to elaborate on the many, many reasons why I'm right and you are wrong. Are you feeling ready to be convinced?

Whether the subject is climate change, the Middle East or forthcoming holiday plans, this is the approach many of us adopt when we try to convince others to change their minds. It's also an approach that, more often than not, leads to the person on the receiving end hardening their existing position. Fortunately research suggests there is a better way – one that involves more listening, and less trying to bludgeon your opponent into submission  .

A little over a decade ago Leonid Rozenblit and Frank Keil from Yale University suggested that in many instances people believe they understand how something works when in fact their understanding is superficial at best. They called this phenomenon "the illusion of explanatory depth". They began by asking their study participants to rate how well they understood how things like flushing toilets, car speedometers and sewing machines worked, before asking them to explain what they understood and then answer questions on it. The effect they revealed was that, on average, people in the experiment rated their understanding as much worse after it had been put to the test discount prada handbags .

What happens, argued the researchers, is that we mistake our familiarity with these things for the belief that we have a detailed understanding of how they work. Usually, nobody tests us and if we have any questions about them we can just take a look. Psychologists call this idea that humans have a tendency to take mental short cuts when making decisions or assessments the "cognitive miser" theory.

Why would we bother expending the effort to really understand things when we can get by without doing so? The interesting thing is that we manage to hide from ourselves exactly how shallow our understanding is.

It's a phenomenon that will be familiar to anyone who has ever had to teach something. Usually, it only takes the first moments when you start to rehearse what you'll say to explain a topic, or worse, the first student question dermes, for you to realise that you don't truly understand it. All over the world, teachers say to each other "I didn't really understand this until I had to teach it". Or as researcher and inventor Mark Changizi quipped: "I find that no matter how badly I teach I still learn something".


Michigan's Republican-led House approved spending $195 million to help prevent steep cuts in Detroit retiree pensions and the sale of valuable art, a measure that would link the state with a broader deal designed to end the largest public bankruptcy in U.S. history. >gucci handbags sale

By a bipartisan 74-36 vote, the chamber approved legislation Thursday contributing state funds to join $466 million in commitments from 12 foundations and the Detroit Institute of Arts. The pool of money would shore up Detroit's two retirement systems while the city-owned art museum and its assets would be transferred to a private nonprofit. A state-dominated board could potentially oversee the city's finances for at least 13 years, longer if the city's books are not balanced. The oversight commission would go dormant in as little as three years if Detroit's finances stay solid post-bankruptcy.

The House passed 11 bills, which now go to the Senate, which is also controlled by Republicans. The plan has the support of the Republican governor and legislative leaders, but its passage has been no sure bet in the bailout-averse Legislature.

Lawmakers stood and applauded after the votes, saying politics was put aside to help rebuild Detroit.

"Choosing to do nothing means putting billions of debt and uncertainty on our kids and our grandkids," said Republican Rep. Al Pscholka of Stevensville, who noted his district is closer to Chicago than Detroit. "Michigan and southwest Michigan are in a strong position by settling this matter, by settling this bankruptcy."



娛樂預測

A number of people have been injured Thursday in an explosion caused by a vehicle collision near a public park and open air market in the capital of the volatile northwestern region of Xinjiang that has seen a number of recent violent attacks, state media reported.

The official Xinhua News Agency said several people were rushed to hospital and flames and heavy smoke were seen at the scene, which was cordoned off.

No other details were given and it wasn't clear if anyone had been killed in the early morning blast in the city of Urumqi. A spokeswoman for the Xinjiang regional police department would only say that more information would be forthcoming.

Urumqi was the scene of a railway station bomb attack late last month that killed three people, including two attackers, and injured 79. Security in the city has been significantly tightened since the attack, which took place as Chinese leader Xi Jinping was concluding a visit to the region.

The station attack and other violence have been blamed on radicals from among the region's native Turkic Uighur Muslim population seeking to overthrow Chinese rule in the region.

Tensions between Chinese and ethnic Uighurs (pronounced WEE'-gurs) in Xinjiang have been simmering for years, particularly since riots in 2009 in Urumqi left nearly 200 people dead, according to official figures.

Information about events in the area about 2,500 kilometers (1,550 miles) west of Beijing is tightly controlled.

Researchers have shown for the first time in an animal that is more closely related to humans that it is possible to make new bone from stem-cell-like induced pluripotentstem cells (iPSCs) made from an individual animal's own skin cells.

The study in monkeys reported in the Cell Press journal Cell Reports on May 15th also shows that there is some risk that those iPSCs could seed tumors, but that unfortunate outcome appears to be less likely than studies in immune-compromised mice would suggest .

"We have been able to design an animal model for testing of pluripotent stem cell therapies using the rhesus macaque, a small monkey that is readily available and has been validated as being closely related physiologically to humans," said Cynthia Dunbar of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

"We have used this model to demonstrate that tumor formation of a type called a 'teratoma' from undifferentiated autologous iPSCs does occur; however, tumor formation is very slow and requires large numbers of iPSCs given under very hospitable conditions. We have also shown that new bone can be produced from autologous iPSCs, as a model for their possible clinical application明星百科 ."
 
Autologous refers to the fact that the iPSCs capable of producing any tissue type -- in this case bone -- were derived from the very individual that later received them. That means that use of these cells in tissue repair would not require long-term or possibly toxic immune suppression drugs to prevent rejection designer brands for less.
 

The Oprah Winfrey Network (OWN) announced on Wednesday that it had purchased the rights to a documentary series that will follow the life of Michael Sam. Terms were undisclosed, but sources said that negotiations to make the deal took two months.

Sam became the first openly gay man to be taken in the NFL draft when he was picked Saturday in the seventh round by the St. Louis Rams.bioderma matricium
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Cameras for the network were with Sam when he received the call that he was drafted and will follow him through training camp as he tries to make the team.

The network said the working title for the series is "The Untitled Michael Sam Project."

"We are honored that Michael is trusting us with his private journey in this moment that has not only made history but will shape it forever," said Winfrey, in a statement. "I am proud of the focus on authentic storytelling in our new documentary series format. The next real-life story we follow in 'The Untitled Michael Sam Project' promises to spark valuable, important discussion on life in America today. Acceptance and illumination start here."

"If seeing my story helps somebody else accept who they are and to go for their dreams too, that's great," Sam said, in a statement. "I am thankful to Oprah for her support and excited to work together."

Sources say the plan is for the series to be broken up in to six to eight segments. His agents Cameron Weiss and Joe Barkett are producers, as is Sam's publicist Howard Bragman designer sunglasses clearance .

Despite being drafted as the 249th pick in the draft, Sam's jersey was the second most popular jersey of draft weekend, selling more on the NFL's official store than any rookie aside from Johnny Manziel 物業套現.

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